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 Committee of eleven members, Madison among them, was appointed
 for this purpose, and Madison proceeded to state his proposed
 amendments with extensive analysis. 1 An:z__ f Conqress 424
 (1834). During the weeks which Congress had been meeting,
 Madison had assiduously studied the proposals for a bill of
 rights made by various state ratifying conventions°
 Primarily influenced by the proposals of his own state,
 Virginia, Madison's proposals took the form of nine resolutions.
 It was Madison's intention that the proposals appear not as an
 appendage to the Constitution in the form of amendments, but that
 they be woven into the very text of the Constitution. Madison's
 Fourth resolution conzained ten sections which he desired to be
 inserted between Clause 3, prohibiting bills of attainder and ex
 post facto laws, and Clause 4, prohibiting direct taxation, of
 Article I, Section 9, of the Constitution. This Fourth
 resolution contained substantially the same rights as are now
 included in the First through the Fourths Sixth, Eighth and Ninth
 Amendments. The last of the ten sections of this Fourth
 resolution provided:
 The exceptions here or elsewhere in the
 Constitutionf made in favor of particular
 rights, shall not be so construed as to
 diminish the just importance of other rights
 retained by the peoples or as to enlarge the
 powers delegated by the Constitution: but
 either actual limitations of sucln powers, or
 was inserted merely for greater caution°

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